NOUNS

Hello readers! Welcome back to FluentlyFast. Today we'll be exploring nouns or 'Los Sustantivos'. Nouns in Spanish are either masculine or feminine. There are some gender neutral nouns though they are very rare. So let's begin!


MASCULINE NOUNS

The nouns that end in 'o', 'or', ‘aje’, ‘ma’, ‘ón’ are masculine.

Example

Un libro (A book)

El corazón (The heart)

Un ordenador (The computer)


FEMININE NOUNS

The nouns that end in 'a’, ‘dad’, ‘tad’, ‘tud’, ‘umbre’, ‘ez’, ‘sión’, ‘ción’ are

feminine.

Example

Una botella (A bottle)

La ciudad (The city)

La television (The television)


EXCEPTIONS-

La foto (photo)

La moto (motorcycle)

La mano (hand)

La radio (radio)

La razón (reason)

El aula (classroom)

El día (day)

El mapa (map)

El agua (water)

El hambre (hunger)


RULES

  • All days of the week are masculine.

Example

El lunes (Monday)

El martes (Tuesday)

El domingo (Sunday)

  • All colours are masculine.

Example

El azul (Blue)

El rojo (Red)

El amarillo (Yellow)

  • To make a noun that ends in ‘o’ feminine, replace the ‘o’ by an ‘a’.

Example

El chico (boy) -> La chica (girl)

El novio (boyfriend) -> La novia (girlfriend)

  • To make a noun that ends in a consonant feminine, add 'a'.

Example

El profesor (male teacher) -> La profesora (female teacher)

El león (lion) -> La leona (lioness)

  • Some nouns that end in ‘e’ and all those that end in ‘ista’, ‘ense’ have only one form for both genders.

Example

El/La cantante (singer)

El/La artista (artist)

  • To make a noun that ends in a vowel plural, add 's'.

Example

El libro -> Los libros (books)

La botella -> Las botellas (bottles)

  • To make a noun that ends in a consonant plural, add ‘es’.

Example

El ordenador -> Los ordenadores (computers)

La mujer -> Las mujeres (women)

  • To make a noun that ends in ‘z’ plural, replace the ‘z’ by ‘ces’.

Example

El lapis -> Los lapices (pencil)

La luz -> Las luces (light)

  • Nouns that end in ‘s’, do not change.

Example

El/Los paraguas (umbrellas)

12 views0 comments

Recent Posts

See All